270 winchester vs 308

270 winchester vs 308

270 winchester , 270 winchester vs 308

Questioning any American hunter on his top 3 hunting cartridges it is obvious that at-least one of them will either be the

  • .270 ammo
  • .308 ammo

What is 270 Winchester ?

The History and Development of an All-Star Hunting Cartridge
Likewise with numerous cartridges in the twentieth Century, the 270 Winchester got its underlying foundations from the 30-06 Springfield. Later the Spanish-American War, the United States Military started the most common way of making another cartridge subsequent to seeing the dangerous proficiency of the 7x57mm Mauser round in the possession of Spanish soldiers. The round that was ultimately chosen is the praised 30-06 Springfield which additionally accompanied the Army’s new manual rifle, the 1903 Springfield. The 30-06 Springfield was intended to discharge 150gr shots at 2,700 fps (feet each second).

The 30-06 was stunningly fruitful and prompted wildcatters utilizing the 30-06 as a parent case to make new cartridges. A wildcatter is somebody who makes their own custom cartridges that are not financially accessible to accomplish a particular reason. Numerous wildcatters live consistent with my own aphorism “pull out all the stops or remain at home,” and necked up the 30-06 to acknowledge a bigger type slug. Two wildcat cartridges that at last opened up were the .35 Whelen and the .400 Whelen.

Winchester chose to remove a page from the Mauser Playbook and necked down the cartridge to acknowledge a more modest width slug that would be terminated at a quicker gag speed. The .270 Winchester was presented in 1925 and is a necked down form of the 30-03, the forebear of the 30-06, to acknowledge a 0.277″ distance across slug.

The first contribution of the 270 Winchester came in their Model 54 manual rifle and was intended to discharge 130 grain slugs at a gag speed of 3,140 fps. The choice to utilize a 0.277″ breadth shot was a fairly confusing choice by Winchester as 270 was a generally dark type at that point. By examination, the generally realized 7x57mm Mauser round discharged a 0.284″ distance across slug. This choice by Winchester implied that the 270 Win was not a quick business stalwart like the 30-06 and the 270 Winchester lived in relative lack of definition for a long time.

Indeed, even today there are a couple of cartridges that use the 0.277″ in width slug, the most well known being the 270 Winchester Short Magnum (270 WSM), the 270 Weatherby Magnum, and the 6.8 Remington SPC. It wasn’t until later WWII that Jack O’Connor started to elucidate upon his shameless relationship with the 270 Winchester in Outdoor Life magazine. It was then that the ubiquity of the 270 developed. O’Connor had been utilizing the 270 Win in a large number of his major event chases and his articles are what is principally credited with the ascent in ubiquity of the cartridge.

From that point forward, the 270 Win has been consistently filling increasingly more in ubiquity because of its compliment direction, long reach shooting ability, and adaptability as a hunting round having the option to morally collect game creatures from groundhogs to elk. With the capacity to shoot lighter projectiles from 120gr for little game as far as possible up to a heavier shot at 160gr for huge game, the 270 Winchester permits you to have ammunition flexibility that different cartridges just dream about.

What is .308 Winchester?

The 30-06 Slayer
Later the Korean War, the US Military realized that they expected to up their game to stay aware of the Soviet Union. They needed another fight rifle that was equipped for both semi and completely programmed discharge and highlighted a separable magazine to stay up with the AK-47. This implied that the 30-06 expected to go as it required a long activity which is less reasonable for completely programmed fire.

In 1952, Winchester delivered the 308 Win to the overall shooting public. It was a prompt achievement and was the reason for the military taking on the 308 Winchester as the 7.62x51mm NATO with their new M14 administration rifles in 1954. The 7.62 NATO round nearly paired the 30-06 balletically and did as such with a more limited cartridge case, which means it would squeeze into a short activity. The first burden for the 7.62 NATO was equipped for shooting a 147 gr projectile at 2,750 fps, contrasted with 150gr slugs terminated at 2,700 fps from the 30-06 Springfield.

The .308 and the M14 saw restricted use in the Vietnam War prior to being supplanted by the M16 and the 5.56x45mm NATO (223 Rem). Albeit the 308’s life expectancy as our fundamental round was short, it kept on seeing use in completely programmed assault rifles like the M60 and was additionally used by expert marksman groups for long reach shooting applications. Back on the regular citizen front, the 308 Winchester was a staple at NRA long reach shooting matches, hunting lodges across North America, the entire way to the African savannah. It really is a workhorse of a cartridge that has been reaping whitetail, elk, caribou, and surprisingly mountain bears for over 50 years.

Albeit as of late the 308 Win has become fairly undesirable for more up to date rounds like the 300 Win Mag and the 6.5 Creedmoor, it is as yet an astounding decision for medium to enormous game hunting at longer reach. The 308 Winchester is as yet used by various law implementation organizations as its expert sharpshooter ammunition of decision, and who can fault them? The 308 has a demonstrated history and outstanding precision in both the woodlands and the combat zone.


The Comparison: 270 Winchester versus 308 Winchester

Presently we come to the central issue: which hunting round will be better for you?

With regards to contrasting the 308 Win with the 270 Win, we are very nearly fixating on petty distinctions. Both of these cartridges are hunting stalwarts and great decisions with regards to your next hunting rifle. Notwithstanding, there are a few contrasts that we will investigate that may help you in this choice.

270 versus 308: Cartridge Specs

The cartridge aspects and SAAMI determinations and check whether we can detect any distinctions that stick out.


We should get going by investigating the cartridge aspects and SAAMI determinations and check whether we can detect any distinctions that stick out.

270 versus 308 aspect graph


First thing we see an enormous distinction for the situation length of over ½ an inch. This is basically because of what every cartridge was intended to do. The 270 Winchester is a necked down form of the 30-03 Springfield (the archetype to the 30-06) to acknowledge a 0.277″ distance across slug. The more extended case implies that the 270 Winchester will require a long activity recipient though the 308 has a more limited case length and squeezes into a short activity.

A short activity requires less bolt toss to stack one more round. It is speculatively conceivable that subsequent shots will come quicker from a 308 than a 270. Notwithstanding, practically speaking, there is no perceivable distinction between follow up shots on one or the other stage. Notwithstanding, between the two there is an intense contrast on the off chance that limit.

The 308 Winchester has a case limit of 56 gr H20 where the 270 Winchester has practically 20% more case limit, getting started at 67 gr H20. This expanded case limit implies bigger powder charges can be utilized. This implies that the more streamlined, lighter shots emerging from the 270 will have much more speed than their 308 partners. This expanded gag speed is one reason why the 270 has a compliment direction, like the 6.5 Creedmoor and 300 Win Mag.

In any case, does that expanded case limit (and 3000 psi higher max pressure) include some significant downfalls with regards to pull back? How about we investigate!

270 versus 308


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270 versus 308: Recoil

Draw back will be a significant element for most shooters, as lower backlash will frequently mean increment downrange precision. The less the rifle kicks your shoulder, the more uncertain you are to snap the trigger and send your shot askew. For this reason most youth shooters start with .22LR that has essentially no backlash: to foster strong trigger control basics. Except if you are exceptionally new to shooting and have simply been presented to rimfire, the normal shooter will depict the felt backlash of the two cartridges as sensible and not excessively hostile. That is a great method for saying that you shouldn’t have a swollen shoulder following an hour at the reach with either the 270 or the 308.

Felt draw back is a mix of different elements, including the rifle weight, projectile weight, and powder charge. Expecting that the rifle weight is reliable between the two cartridges, the 270 Winchester will have less force for pretty much every processing plant load when contrasted with the 308. This is fundamentally because of the heavier projectile load of the 308. Basically, lighter projectiles pull back less.

In any case, it’s not generally that basic!

Recollect that we discussed the expanded case limit in the past segment? The powder charge on the 270 Win will be impressively higher than that of the 308. This causes what I like to allude to as a distinction in saw withdraw. What I mean by this is the manner by which the rifle “feels” during the force cycle. Most shooters report the backlash of the 270 to be extremely “sharp and smart” where the force of the 308 is to a greater extent a dull, rolling “crash” against your shoulder. This inclination will very from one shooter to another, however it’s something you ought to consider when you are looing for another manual rifle.

In light of all that, the 270 Winchester unmistakably has a lower felt pull back than the 308 and that is a benefit when shooting long reach.

270 versus 308: Accuracy


With regards to precision, it is more normal a component of the shooting stage and the shooter instead of the cartridge.

Interpretation: both the 270 and the 308 are amazingly exact and any distinction will be because of firing basics and the rifle utilized.

That being said, there are a few outer variables to consider outside of your stuff and your capacity to impel your trigger finger with regards to exactness. Those variables are pull back, slug drop (direction), and wind float (ballistic coefficient). We will cover the last two in the areas beneath, yet the overall agreement is that most shooters will be more precise with a 270 Winchester because of it’s level shooting direction and lower felt draw back.

In any case, there’s positively no motivation behind why a shooter can’t be as capable with a 308 Winchester as they can be with a 270… It all boils down to trigger control, legitimate sight arrangement, breath control and great finish. Both the 308 and 270 are equipped for sub-MOA bunches with most production line loads and hunting adjusts.

270 versus 308: Trajectory


Direction is the proportion of projectile’s way in trip to its planned objective. We measure direction as far as projectile drop at explicit reaches. The 270 Winchester has been depicted as extremely level shooting like a 6.5 Creedmoor. This is basically because of the 270 Winchester having a higher gag speed than the 308 (I’ll cover the particular contrasts in the ballistics tables underneath). At the point when a shot has a higher speed it will arrive at the objective quicker… that appears to be legit!

Be that as it may, what it likewise implies is gravity will have less an ideal opportunity to influence the projectile on its way to the objective, making it drop less over distance. Over brief distances under 400 yards, there is almost no contrast between the directions of the 308 and the 270. In any case, as we get out past the 500-yard line, the distinction starts to turn out to be more articulated.

How about we take 700 yards for instance. All things considered, a 308 will have dropped around 138″ while the 270 Win has just dropped 111″. That is more than a 2-foot distinction! Two feet can mean the distinction between packing that pronghorn and cruising the projectile well underneath its stomach assuming you determined the reach erroneously.

Main concern – the 270 Winchester will be seriously lenient with regards to go estimations as it has the compliment direction.

270 winchester vs 308


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270 versus 308: Ballistic Coefficient
There are two camps with regards to ballistic coefficient (BC). There’s the camp that fixates on it, attempting to track down the best BC for their rifle and burden. And afterward there’s the second camp that seems as though a whitetail that you streaked with the high-light emissions F-150 when you begin discussing ballistic coefficient computations. In layman’s terms, ballistic coefficient is a numeric portrayal of how streamlined a shot is and how well it will battle against wind float. Also called how well your slug can “buck the breeze.”

The strategy for working out ballistic coefficient is somewhat complicated and unwavering, so we will not go into particulars about the situation here. This is what you really want to know: the higher the BC, the more streamlined a projectile is. Besides, longer and heavier projectiles have a higher BC. Outfitted with that information, it would be simple enough to make the quick judgment call that 308 Win ammunition has a higher BC in light of the fact that it utilizes a heavier slug. Practically speaking that is not generally the situation.

We should begin by investigating the Remington Core-Lokt using 150 grain shots for both 270 and 308, a famous hunting ammunition for medium to bigger game like gazelle. For this situation, our hypothesis that the 308 Win will have the higher BC is right. The 308 Win Remington Core Lokt offering has a BC of 0.314 while the 270 Win stacking has a BC of 0.261 with similar 150 grain projectiles. Neither of those BCs are anything to keep in touch with home about as you regularly might want to see BC above 0.4 to truly get invigorated, yet it’s an ideal illustration of how in light of the fact that the shot weight is the equivalent doesn’t imply that the ballistic coefficient will be indistinguishable. The contrast between these two Remington Core-Lokt shots is essentially the projectile profile, which means how smoothed out the slug is. For this situation explicitly, the 308 Winchester is the unrivaled choice.

Presently, all my experimentally disapproved of perusers out there may bring up that this is a solitary case and more information is need. Furthermore you would be 100% right in that assertion. Taking a huge inspecting of shots from the two types, including Nosler Partition, Nosler Ballistic Tip, Winchester Super-X Power Point, Hornady ELD-X, and Barnes TSX, and afterward contrasting the diverse ballistic coefficient results prompted a dumbfounding disclosure. The ballistic coefficients arrived at the midpoint of out to be practically indistinguishable across different projectile weight choices and profiles.

Albeit distinctive individual shots will shift as far as ballistic coefficient, the normal BC was 0.434 and 0.438 for .308 and .270, separately. This implies that the two cartridges will oppose wind float about something similar.

270 versus 308: Sectional Density


Sectional thickness is a numerical portrayal of the infiltration capability of a given shot. It is gotten from a situation that analyzes the shots weight to its width. The higher the sectional thickness (SD), the more the slug will enter. Commonly, entrance is assessed utilizing ballistic gel, however how well ballistic gel addresses terminal execution in a bull elk or wild bear is a subject of warmed discussion.

One thing to think about when taking a gander at sectional thickness is that shots with a more modest distance across will have a higher sectional thickness when contrasted with a more extensive slug of equivalent projectile weight. This is on the grounds that the more modest width shot will have all that power restricted into a more modest surface, consequently expanding entrance potential. How about we return to our Remington Core-Lokt 150gr projectiles that we check out in the Ballistic Coefficient area.

Unfortunately, Remington didn’t distribute the SD information for these